-Thomas Hobbes was the most prominent Materialist philosopher
-Deals with the question of whether human processes are material or immaterial
-Shows human activities in comparison to those of machinery
-Heart = Spring
-Nerves = Strings
-Joints = Wheels
-Also called reductionism
-Links mental states ( happiness, sadness etc.) with brain states (chemical formualas) ex. H2O meaning water
-Argues everything is measurable
-Thinking just a matter of physical, biological and chemical processes
-Aims to find "formula" type answers to desiring, seeing, feeling pain, being happy, being sad, etc.
-The mind is nothing more than a physical, material thing, rather than an immaterial entity
-Advances in the natural sciences are helping to prove materialist theories as time goes on
-Copernicus, Galileo and Kepler were also philosophers who understood the universe through scientific measurements rather than ideologies and thoughts
-In conclusion, these philosophers believe that science reaches no further than observable facts, and that these facts can explain human nature, including the human mind.